Pinnacles National Park is a US national park protecting the mountainous region east of the Salinas Valley in central California . The area is approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) east of Soledad and 80 miles (130 km) southeast of San Jose.
The area got its name Pinnacles because of its rugged rock formations, which were created in different geological eras. A national park of the same name with similar structures is located in the Australian state of Queensland.
The area is very barren making it unfit for human use. Many original forms have been preserved and create a true paradise for animals and plants. Especially for the Californian condor, which was reintroduced here, it makes it possible to increase its population again in peace.
The Pinnacles are managed by the National Park Service to maintain protection, with most of the park protected as wilderness.
It was not until 1900 that Pinnacle National Park was discovered by tourism, which uses the national park as a local recreation area in San Francisco. Many visitors come to the Pinnacles to hike, climb, observe wildlife or just enjoy the solitude and abundance of nature.
The park also has unusual talus caves that are home to many species of bats.
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Weather & Climate
Pinnacles National Park is located approximately 40 miles (64 km) inland from the Pacific Ocean and approximately 80 miles (130 km) south of the San Francisco Bay Area. It belongs to the southern part of the Gabilan Range. The climate here is Mediterranean, with cool, wet winters and dry, hot summers. Large temperature fluctuations occur both during the day and at night. Precipitation falls almost exclusively between December and March. In midsummer, temperatures rise to 40°C and in winter there is snow in the higher elevations.
Due to the extreme heat and drought in the summer months, a visit to Pinnacles National Park is only recommended in the colder months. One attraction is spring, when flowers sprout and bloom everywhere between the rocks.
History of Pinnacles Park
Native Americans once lived in the Pinnacles region. However, they only came to the area seasonally. The number of indigenous people in this region declined sharply when the Spanish arrived in the 18th century and brought new diseases to the region. When the first Anglo-American settlers arrived between 1810 and 1865, the region was almost deserted.
Due to the extreme climate and low fertility, a settler named Schuyler Hain only used the land in 1891 and built a small farm. In addition to the farm, he began offering tours of the rock formations and caves. He also campaigned for nature conservation in the Pinnacles area.
In 1906 the area became part of the Pinnacles Forest Reserve. Shortly thereafter in 1908, President Theodore Roosevelt designated the core of the Pinnacles as one of the first national monuments, almost contemporaneously with Muir Woods National Monument and the Grand Canyon.
It was not until 1933, under President Franklin D. Roosevelt, that the Pinnacles area was opened up for tourism. Paved roads were built, a path to the caves created, hiking trails and a visitor center created. Another measure was to dam the small Bear Creek to Bear Gulch reservoir.
Over time, the area was expanded, from initially 1.5 km² to almost 110 km² today. In 1976 approximately 60% of the area was placed under extended protection as a Wilderness Area and designated as Pinnacles Wilderness.
On January 10, 2013, President Barack Obama signed legislation upgrading Pinnacles to a national park.
Geology of the Pinnacles
The park is located near the San Andreas fault zone, the movement of which has created the unique formations. The bedrock of the mountains consists of Cretaceous granite and granodiorite with an age of about 78-100 million years. Today’s striking shapes were created by strong temperature fluctuations.
Flora and fauna in the Pinnacles
Prairie hawks, peregrine falcons and the California condor have all returned. Cougars, coyotes, quail, wild turkeys and many other birds and mammals live in the region. Bats can be seen in the Talus Caves. In addition, around 400 species of bees live in the park, solitary bees that do not yet live in colonies like European honey bees.
A problem animal in Pinnacles Park are the wild boars, which destroy the landscape. Therefore, a fence was built around the entire protected area until 2003. The animals in the fenced area were trapped and killed. Since then, the pig rate has been greatly reduced and care is taken to ensure that no further landscapes are destroyed by them.
In addition to the animals, pines, pines and oaks characterize this region. Willows and elderberries are settled along the streams. Forests of pine, California horse chestnut, sycamore, cottonwood and oak grow at lower elevations of the sanctuary and along the two small streams of Bear Creek and Chalone Creek.
Numerous flowering plants such as the Californian poppy, borage family, pepperwort, orchids egrets, sage and lupins can be found here.
Activities in the park
There are over 30 miles of hiking trails in Pinnacles National Park. These have different levels of difficulty from easy flat routes to demanding all-day hikes. Especially in March and April, such hikes are ideal, because a large number of wild flowers bloom along the way and the temperatures are pleasant for hiking.
There is a ranger program for visitors at the visitor center. This offers ranger lectures, guided hikes and various evening programs.
The national park is particularly popular with mountaineers, who will find many paths of varying degrees of difficulty here. To protect the birds of prey, some rocks and climbing walls are closed during the breeding season.
Talus Caves – Caves at the Pinnacles
There are two Talus caves at the Pinnacles: the Bear Gulch Cave is near the east parking lot and the Balkone Cave is near the west entrance. A highlight here are the native bats.
These caves can be closed as a result of storms and high tides. Please inquire about the current cave status before your visit. Flashlights are required for both caves.
Accommodation is available in the park at Pinnacles Campground or in a lodge in King City.
Pinnacles Park opening hours & entrance fees
Pinnacles National Park is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Admission is $10.00 per vehicle and is valid for 7 days. Individual hikers and cyclists pay $5.00/person for 7 days. There is also a Pinnacles National Park Annual Pass for $20.00. (as of 2015)
Directions to Pinnacles NP
Pinnacles National Park has two entrances. Please note that there is no road in the park connecting the east and west entrances. The shortest route from the east entrance to the west entrance (or west to east) is through the town of King City on Highway 101.
Approaching from the north:
From the San Francisco Bay Area to the East Entrance: Take Hwy 101 south through the town of Gilroy onto Hwy 25. Go through the town of Hollister to Hwy 146. Turn right on Hwy 146 to get to the park.
From the San Francisco Bay Area, around West Entrance:
Take Highway 101 South to the town of Soledad. Take Highway 146 East. Follow Highway 146 for 14 miles into Pinnacles National Park.
The address of the attraction Pinnacles National Park
Pinnacles National Park
5000 California 146