Pennsylvania, (after W. Penn), state in the northeastern United States; 119,000 km2, 12.7 million population (2011), of which 11% are black. Capital: Harrisburg. Joined the Second State Constitution in 1787. Nickname: The Keystone State.
- COUNTRYAAH.COM: Lists all counties and parishes of Pennsylvania in alphabetical order. Covers county profile and biggest counties by population in the state of Pennsylvania.
After a large European immigration in the 1800’s. and the beginning of the 1900-t. Pennsylvania has had only modest population growth. Nearly half of the population lives in the major cities of Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, while a third belongs to the rural population, which has a marked imprint of the Amish and other religious communities. The black minority is predominantly found in Philadelphia.
Until the 1960’s, Pennsylvania was one of the largest producers of coal and steel in the United States. Since then, the decline of the iron and steel industry has affected cities such as Pittsburgh, Johnstown, Allentown, Bethlehem and Scranton. However, the mining of anthracite coal in particular is still large, and after a partial restructuring of the industry, Pennsylvania has become a leading producer of pharmaceuticals, electronics, special steels and aerospace.-equipment. Also important is the food industry, which is supplied with products from approximately 56,000 farms. Farming is versatile and includes dairy cattle, pigs and poultry in addition to soy, maize and horticultural products (mushrooms, vegetables, fruit). The cultivated lands occupy 22% of the area, while deciduous forest covers 56%. The forests form the basis of the wood and paper industry and are also popular hunting areas.
The landscape, which is rich in rivers and lakes, consists mainly of an approximately 500 m high mountain terrain, Appalachian Plateau, which is replaced by fertile coastal plains at resp. Lake Erie in the NW and around Philadelphia in the SE. The three major river systems – Susquehanna, Ohio and Delaware – are all regulated and utilized for hydropower and navigation (especially the Ohio River). The climate is rainy and temperate with warm summers in the central and southern parts and cold winters with heavy snowfall to the north.
The tourist destinations include several historical parks and monuments and the scenic Pocono Mountains in the NE (in winter skiing). Attractions include Gettysburg National Military Park (near Philadelphia), Hershey Chocolate World (near Harrisburg) and the Harley-Davidson Museum and Collection Factory in York.
- AbbreviationFinder: Provides a list of all acronyms in alphabetic order for Pennsylvania. Also includes state overview, population statistics as well as cities and towns belong to Pennsylvania.
The first European settlement was Swedish (Tinicum Island south of Philadelphia, 1643), but it was conquered by the Dutch in 1655 and then by England in 1664. The name Pennsylvania comes from the colony established in 1681 under the leadership of the Quaker William Penn, whose rule was marked by notions of equality and tolerance, including in the relationship with the Indians Da colony in the 1700’s began to expand into the country, however, it came to conflicts between the pacifist Quaker regime, the pioneers and the Indians. The Indians were also allied with Britain, and Pennsylvania was largely the North American scene during the Franco-Indian War of 1754-63. Both militarily and politically, the area and especially the city of Philadelphia were of central importance during The American Revolution 1775-83. The Declaration of Independence, and later the current Constitution of 1789, was drafted in Philadelphia, which was the capital of the United States 1790-1800; contradictions within the state, however, led to local revolts in 1794 and 1799. Throughout the 1800-t. Pennsylvania was the target of extensive immigration, not least from Germany, and in terms of population and business, the state became one of the United States’ leaders. Also during the American Civil War of 1861-65, several important battles were fought in Pennsylvania (see Gettysburg), just as some of the most important labor disputes unfolded here; the lockout at the Carnegie plant in Homestead in 1892 thus contributed to the effective organization of the steelworks only taking place in the 1930’s.