North Carolina, state in the southeastern United States; 136,000 km2, 9.7 million population (2011), of which 22% are black. Capital: Raleigh (404,000 residents). Acceded to the Constitution in 1789 as the 12th state. Nickname: The Tar Heel State.
- COUNTRYAAH.COM: Lists all counties and parishes of North Carolina in alphabetical order. Covers county profile and biggest counties by population in the state of North Carolina.
The state’s economic and population center of gravity is found in the central city belt, which stretches along the main road from Raleigh and Durham in the east to Greensboro and Winston-Salem in the west. Outside the city belt are Asheville and Charlotte (largest city with 594,000 residents) and the port city of Wilmington in the SE. In addition, the state has a large rural population that has had only a limited share in the economic growth of recent decades. Widespread poverty is found among small farmers and Native American minorities in the western mountain areas. North Carolina is one of the largest producers of tobacco and peanuts in the United States, which together with soy, pigs and poultry form the basis of a significant food and beverage industry; known is the cigarette giant Reynolds Tobacco Co. in Winston-Salem. Other raw material industries are the timber and furniture industry (forests cover about 60% of the area) as well as the textile and clothing industry. Unlike these low-wage industries, which, like the rest of the business community, generally employ unorganized labor, there are a large number of research-heavy high-tech industries (electronics, biomedicine, etc.). The largest concentration is in The Research Triangle Park, which since its construction in 1959 has been based on close collaboration between private companies and the universities of Raleigh, Durham and Chapel Hill.
The terrain consists of a central, approximately 300 km wide and 200-500 m high hilly landscape bounded to the east by a wide coastal plain and to the west by the southern Appalachians (Mt. Mitchell, 2037 m). The climate is rainy and subtropical except for the high mountain areas. Attractions include the Great Smoky Mountains National Park and the protected headlands of Cape Hatteras and the Cape Lookout in the Atlantic Ocean.
- AbbreviationFinder: Provides a list of all acronyms in alphabetic order for North Carolina. Also includes state overview, population statistics as well as cities and towns belong to North Carolina.
The first English colony in North America was established in 1585 on Roanoke Island; however, like others, it was later abandoned, and it was not until the 1650’s that permanent colonies were established. After North Carolina seceded from Britain in 1776, it relinquished the western territories that became Tennessee. North Carolina sided with the Southern States during the American Civil War 1861-65; after the war and the abolition of slavery, the large tobacco plantations were converted into attachment farms. The majority of the original residents, the Cherokee, were forcibly relocated to Oklahoma as early as the 1830’s.