How many countries are there in North America? There are 12 countries in South America.
To find out how many countries are on the continent of South America, we first need to find out some facts. For example, South America makes up about 3.5% of the earth’s surface and the total population amounts to about 415 million inhabitants.
According to CountryAAH, there are 12 states where the biggest cities are São Paulo, Buenos Aires and Rio de Janeiro. South America is also a continent bordering the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Antarctica to the south and the Caribbean to the north.
The picture below shows the continent of South America.
There are so many countries in the South America list
Read on to find out how many countries there are in South America. The list below presents the continent’s countries, including capitals and some brief facts.
Capital: Buenos Aires
The Republic of Argentina is South America’s second largest state and consists of 23 provinces and Buenos Aires which is an independent city. Argentina is the 4th largest Spanish-speaking nation in the world, second only to Mexico, Spain and Colombia.
The multinational state of Bolivia borders Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Peru. Perhaps the most famous landmark is Lake Titicaca, which borders Peru. Here it is the extraction of tin and silver that has dominated the country’s economy for centuries.
Capital: Rio de Janeiro
The Federal Republic of Brazil is the world’s fifth largest state and South America’s largest state, both in terms of population and area. The country borders all other South American countries, with the exception of Chile and Ecuador.
The picture shows the famous statue Cristo Redentor in Rio
Capital: Santiago, Chile
The Republic of Chile is located in southwestern South America, between the Andes and Pacific mountains. Some of the Pacific island groups also belong to the country, of which Easter Island is probably the most famous.
For international travelers, the somewhat bohemian Valparaíso and the beautiful seaside resort of Viña del Mar are probably well known destinations.
Colombia – North of South America
Colombia is a state in South America. The capital of the country is Bogotá. About 49 million Colombians, Colombians of other nationalities, live in Colombia. The official language is Spanish. Colombia covers an area of around 1 million km² and is therefore around twice the size of France. The highest mountain in Colombia is the Pico Cristóbal Colón with 5,775 meters. Neighboring countries are Brazil, Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador and Panama.
The Republic of Colombia is bordered by Brazil, Ecuador, Panama, Peru and Venezuela. Colombia’s most important export commodity is coffee, but many jobs are also generated by the country’s production of oil and gold.
The Republic of Ecuador is located at the equator in northwestern South America, bordering Colombia and Peru. Peru’s economy is dominated by the oil industry, but it is also the world’s largest banana exporter.
Guyana – North of South America
Guyana, the land of many waters, is a state in South America. The capital is Georgetown. About 773,000 Guyanese live in Guyana, Guyanese people of other nationalities, making Guyana one of the most sparsely populated regions in the world. The official language is English. Guyana covers an area of around 215,000 km² and is about seven times the size of Belgium. Neighboring countries are Brazil, Venezuela and Suriname.
The cooperative republic of Guyana is located on the Atlantic Ocean, bordering Brazil, Suriname and Venezuela. Here is the English which is the official language and Guyana is known for its beautiful waterfalls.
Paraguay – South America’s southern cone
Paraguay, an island surrounded by land, is a state in South America. The capital is Asunción. About 6.7 million Paraguayans, Paraguayans and residents of other nationalities live in Paraguay. The official languages are Spanish and Guaraní. Paraguay covers an area of around 407,000 km² and is therefore somewhat larger than Germany. Neighboring countries are Brazil, Argentina and Bolivia.
The Republic of Paraguay borders Argentina, Bolivia and Brazil. The majority of the country’s inhabitants live in the southern parts of the country, which is divided by the Paraguay River. Paraguay is struggling with widespread poverty and has the lowest incomes in Latin America.
The Republic of Peru is close to the Pacific Ocean, bordering Bolivia and Lake Titicaca, which is the source of the Amazon River. Peru is also known for Machu Picchu and the mythical Inca culture.
The image below shows the Machu Picchu area.
The Republic of Suriname is located on the Atlantic Ocean and is South America’s smallest independent state. A large part of Suriname consists of tropical rainforest and a very rich and varied fauna.
The Republic of Uruguay is also located on the Atlantic Ocean, bordering both Argentina and Brazil. Here, agriculture is the main industry, and many farmers raise cows on their own farms in the countryside.
The Bolivian Republic of Venezuela is located in northern South America and borders Brazil, Colombia and Guyana with coast to the Caribbean and the North Atlantic. Venezuela also shares maritime borders with Aruba, Trinidad and Tobago and Curaçao.