Horned shepherds

Geography of Trinidad and Tobago

Northern Trinidad is dominated by the east-west mountain range Northern Range, with peaks up to 940 meters above sea level. The hilly landscape of Tobago (Main Ridge) constitutes a continuation of this mountain range. By the way, the island of Trinidad is mainly lowland, with swamps and alluvial plains along the coast; along the north and east coast beautiful beaches. To the southwest lies the great asphalt lake Pitch Lake.

Read more about Trinidad and Tobago, Plant life in Trinidad and Tobago and Wildlife in Trinidad and Tobago.


The climate is tropical with small temperature variations; The capital Port of Spain has average values ​​of 25.6 ° C in January, 26.1 ° C in July and 1630 mm of rainfall. The least precipitation (about 10%) falls during the period January-May during the northeast pass, the most humid is July-October with northern movement of the equatorial rain belt. The islands are located on the southern outskirts of the regular hurricane paths, and are therefore relatively rarely affected by hurricane destruction.

Maracas Bay in Trinidad

Detailed climate information about Trinidad and Tobago on the World Meteorological Organization’s websites.

Plant life in Trinidad and Tobago

Tropical rainforest covers approx. one third of the islands, it is most fertile in the upland areas where there are many species of trees with magnificent flowers. Along the coast there is mangrove forest.

Horned shepherds

Wildlife in Trinidad and Tobago

Animal geographically, Trinidad and Tobago are more closely related to the South American mainland than to the Antilles. The mammalian fauna is richer and significantly more diverse (100 species) than on other islands in the Caribbean. Many bats, rodents and dwarf cave are common. For larger animals include hvitpannekapusiner, nibåndbeltedyr, sørtamandua (anteater) ozelot, collars peccary and a spear deer.

450 bird species have been observed. In the wetlands there are realms, ducks, flamingos, herons and ibises. The islands have two national birds: red bib in Trinidad and the chicken bird ilanoshokko in Tobago. Tinamus, macaws and amazon parrots, pigeons, cuckoos, hummingbirds (17 species), manacins and tyrants are common. The birds of paradise on Tobago are introduced from New Guinea.

The reptile fauna includes more than 90 species, including boas and the poisonous lance and coral snakes. At least 30 amphibian species have been found on the islands.