According to Eningbo, Charlottetown is the capital of the province of Prince Edward Island. It is located in the center of the southern coast of the island on the shores of the harbor of the same name. The city was named after the English Queen Charlotte. Canadians call Charlottetown “the cradle of the Confederation”, since it was here that a conference was held in 1964, which resulted in the formation of a “federal dominion” Canada three years later. Charlottetown is full of Victorian buildings. The main architectural sights of the city are the Provincial Building, where the legislative assembly is located, and the Center for the Arts.. The Center for the Arts was opened in 1964 in honor of the 100th anniversary of the “Fathers of Confederation” conference, after which a united Canada was created. The names of the conference participants are carved on the walls of the main hall of the Center. The Arts Center houses the Art Gallery, theater halls, library and museums. Orwell is located 25 km east of Charlottetown, where the historic village of Orwell Coner is located.. At the beginning of the 19th century, immigrants from Scotland arrived here, who significantly influenced the culture of the island. Many current residents of the city are their descendants. The historic village of Orwell Corner is an open-air museum. It was opened in 1973. Now here you can see old buildings that repeat the buildings of the first settlers from Scotland in the early 19th century. These are a smithy, a sawmill, a post office, a store, a Presbyterian church, a school, houses and barns. The village periodically hosts concerts with Celtic dances and performances of Celtic ballads, as well as major Scottish holidays.
Traveling further east along the coast, you will come to Point Prim, where the island’s oldest lighthouse, which was built in 1845, stands. The most popular beaches of the province are located on the eastern and northern coasts of the island, with about 20 beaches in total. Most of them are located within the provincial parks, so in addition to a beach holiday, you can enjoy nature here. All beach areas are well equipped and have a developed infrastructure.
On the east coast of the island is Basin Head Provincial Park, where the Singing Sands Beach stretches. It was named so because of the sound that sand particles make when they rub against each other. In the eastern part of the coast of the island there is also such a popular beach as Red Point, and not far from the coast is Panmur Island, also known for its sandy beaches. But still, the best beach areas stretch along the northern coast, sand dunes and salt marshes stretch here, which are home to a wide variety of bird species. The most popular beaches in this part of the country include Jacques Carter, Cabot, Cavendish, Rustico, Brenckley, Stanhope, Ross Lane and Greenwich. On the northeastern tip of the island is the city of North Lake, which is called the “tuna capital of the world”, because the largest representatives of this species of fish, bluefin tuna, live in its coastal waters.
In the central part of the northern coast of the island is the National Park of Prince Edward Island. The park stretches for 40 km along the coast. It was founded in 1937. Here you can see sandy beaches, sand dunes, rocks and forests. The salty marches of the park are the habitat of a rare bird – the song plover. In total, about 200 species of birds live on the local coast. In addition, one of the most important historical attractions of the island is located in the park – the Ann’s Land Museum-Reserve.. It is located in the eastern part of the park in the town of Cavendish. The museum reproduces the lifestyle of the island at the beginning of the 20th century. These times are described in detail in Lucy Montgomery’s world famous book “Anne of Green Gables”. Traveling through the museum, visitors get the feeling that this is where the plot of this book unfolded, because the museum has the Green Gables farmhouse, there is the Enchanted Forest, sandy beaches with dunes, farm fields and small villages, which Lucy Montgomery wrote about.
West of the park near the coast , Lennox Island is interesting, where most of the indigenous inhabitants of the province – the Mi’kmaks live. Their culture and the early history of the island is told in the Mi’kmaq Museum. In the western part of Prince Edward Island there are numerous villages where the descendants of the first French settlers in Canada, the Acadians, live. In the local villages you can get acquainted with the culture and traditions of the Acadians. The city of Miskuch is home to the Acadian Museum, which tells about the first Acadians who appeared on the island in 1720.
Also in the western part of the province near Charlottetown is the Brookville Provincial Ski Park.. The elevation difference within the park is 76 m. There are 10 ski slopes, 4 ski lifts, cross-country skiing trails, a half-pipe for snowboarders, a snowtubing trail, biathlon trails and an ice rink.
For lovers of hiking, you can offer to travel around the island along the historic Confederate Trail, which has a length of 273 km and captures the main attractions of the province.