What Happens With The Public Bicycle In Spain?

 

Evolution of the number of public bicycle systems

Esther Anaya and Alberto Castro

I bring you the fruit of a research independent that have led to out with two objectives:

  • Put to the day the inventory of the systems of bicycle public that there are currently in Spain and
  • determine the evolution followed by the number of systems.

For this we have updated our database with information appeared in press and with contacts of municipalities and operators Spanish. The result, not published until the date, can see it in the graphic that you present then.

First it must be clarified that we consider as a public bicycle system services offering the possibility of loans uni-directional, i.e., that allow to return the bike at a different station where is borrowed. For us this is the main innovation of the bike public, what it makes really different of a rental or loan of bicycles traditional. In addition, it is important to point out that the number of systems does not mean number of municipalities, because some of the systems included in this study encompass more than one municipality in its area of operation.

Many systems of bike public there in Spain?

As you can see in the graph, currently (April 2015) there are 64 public bike systems operating in Spain. From the first experience, in 2003, have been implemented in total 128 systems, therefore surviving of them half. The greater increase in the number of systems is produced between 2007 and 2010, being 2009 the year of greater growth. The peak was reached in 2010 with 100 systems in operation around the country. In 2010 the number of systems began to go down due to the closures and considerable reduction of inaugurations. The largest net decrease was recorded in 2012. The trend downward started in 2010 continues today.

Why there are so many closures?

In view of these results is that the public bicycle in Spain has left behind an initial boom phase. Possible causes for the closure in recent years public bike systems are as follows: 1) overconfidence in his introduction; (2) poor planning of costs associated with the system, mainly to its exploitation phase and the tasks of maintenance and redistribution; (and 3) the accentuation of the difficulties of funding by fault of the crisis economic.

Excess of confidence

The excess of confidence or “euphoria” that could occur on some systems was due to two reasons, one of them politically and the other character technical. A sample of that possible “euphoria” in the implementation of these systems is the data of 2011, year in which every ten days opened a public bicycle system in Spain. In some cases, political interests could not move from the inauguration of the system, lack of a firm commitment with the cyclist mobility. Technical level, it could be a lack of knowledge of the operation and management of these systems, due to the lack of information and the rapid growth of the number of systems.

There are that say that Spain has been one of the countries European with more systems of bicycle public.

Bad planning of the costs

This overconfidence, coupled with a poor financial planning, could cause a large part of the difficulties of the closures, above all from the first. On the one hand, were underestimated costs arising from maintenance and redistribution of the system, generating a growing deficit during the operation of the systems. For another, subsidies provided temporary coverage of budgets; that when they ended it required new sources.

Difficulties of financing

Once started the crisis, this last point (search for alternative sources of funding) could generate a great difficulty. We suspect that some systems adapt to the scarcity of resources could undergo internalize some costs of exploitation that were outsourced so far. Other systems management less resilient and worse prepared politically and technically could not continue operating.

In summary, can tell is that is has produced a “selection natural” in the cycling public of this country: have survived them more strong and them more resilient. Which not exceeded the management of them 3 points above is have been by the road.

The survivors are still major challenges. That have closed have left a bad image that has been able to splash even to the mobility sustainable. By this, as already detail in the Balance of the bike public, is very important that is learn of them experiences and is study very well both the decision of introduce the bike public in a municipality as its planning.

 

Gallery

Madrid’s Public Electric Bike Share System Takes Off …

Madrid's Public Electric Bike Share System Takes Off ...

Source: www.medindia.net

Report on the economic situation of the City of Barcelona …

Report on the economic situation of the City of Barcelona ...

Source: www.slideshare.net

Sevilla Seville Spain The Sevici public sponsored bike …

Sevilla Seville Spain The Sevici public sponsored bike ...

Source: de.alamy.com

Barcelona rental city bikes and bike stand. Public …

Barcelona rental city bikes and bike stand. Public ...

Source: www.alamy.com

Bikes in Santander, Cantabria, Spain Stock Photo, Royalty …

Bikes in Santander, Cantabria, Spain Stock Photo, Royalty ...

Source: www.alamy.com

Barcelona rental city bikes and bike stand. Public …

Barcelona rental city bikes and bike stand. Public ...

Source: www.alamy.com

Sevilla Seville Spain The Sevici public sponsored bike …

Sevilla Seville Spain The Sevici public sponsored bike ...

Source: www.alamy.com

Public Bike System Stock Photos & Public Bike System Stock …

Public Bike System Stock Photos & Public Bike System Stock ...

Source: www.alamy.com

Bicing Stock Photos & Bicing Stock Images

Bicing Stock Photos & Bicing Stock Images

Source: www.alamy.com

Public Rental Stock Photos & Public Rental Stock Images …

Public Rental Stock Photos & Public Rental Stock Images ...

Source: www.alamy.com

Bike Rental Madrid Stock Photos & Bike Rental Madrid Stock …

Bike Rental Madrid Stock Photos & Bike Rental Madrid Stock ...

Source: www.alamy.com

Vodafone Bicing Editorial Photo

Vodafone Bicing Editorial Photo

Source: dreamstime.com

Public Bikes

Public Bikes

Source: spanishsabores.com

Beautiful Girl Taking A Bike Of Row On The Street, In …

Beautiful Girl Taking A Bike Of Row On The Street, In ...

Source: dreamstime.com

Electric Bicycle Rental Stock Photos & Electric Bicycle …

Electric Bicycle Rental Stock Photos & Electric Bicycle ...

Source: www.alamy.com

E Bikes Stock Photos & E Bikes Stock Images

E Bikes Stock Photos & E Bikes Stock Images

Source: www.alamy.com

Sevici public bike rental in Seville Stock Photo …

Sevici public bike rental in Seville Stock Photo ...

Source: www.alamy.com

Bicimad public bike sharing system parking, Madrid Stock …

Bicimad public bike sharing system parking, Madrid Stock ...

Source: www.alamy.com

Spain – Barcelona Editorial Image

Spain - Barcelona Editorial Image

Source: www.dreamstime.com

Hispanic Man Riding Bike Stock Photos & Hispanic Man …

Hispanic Man Riding Bike Stock Photos & Hispanic Man ...

Source: www.alamy.com