Fibromyalgia is a severe form of rheumatism that affects muscles, tendons, and even the physiology of the brain. Learn more in this pathology here.
WHAT IS FIBROMYALGIA?
The fibromyalgiawas classified by the World Health Organization in 1990 and recognized, in 1992, as a rheumatic disease, however, until today, is still misunderstood and is often not considered.
It is a syndrome musculoskeletal chronic that causes pain throughout the body, extreme tiredness and disturbances in cognitive and sleep.
Associated with an increased sensitivity to the stimulus to be painful, although to be extremely painful, and often disabling, does not cause deformation
For the patients with fibromyalgia the worst “symptom” is the misunderstanding on the part of doctors, relatives, friends and acquaintances. By be a disease that shows few symptoms visible and palpable to others, the fibromiálgicos are often unjustly referred to as hokey, lazy, and sly.
WHAT ARE THE RISK FACTORS?
Although it is still a disease with a lot to explain, you know which are the groups that are most at risk of having the disease. Women are the most affected, five to nine times more than men. Between 20 and 50 years old is the age that you are at the most risk, but the disease can arise at any age. A family history of fibromyalgia also is indicator that you may have the disease.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?
You can live a great part of life without feeling the presence of fibromyalgia but, possibly, it is a traumatic experience that will trigger the disease. The symptoms vary from person to person and over time. May be mild or severe, revealing itself as a small annoyance, or so strong to the point of disabling that the patient can have a normal life.
The symptoms can be aggravated by factors such as cold, humidity, changes in weather, stress, over exertion, hormonal changes, anxiety and depression.
- SLEEP DISORDERS
Still that sleep enough hours, the fibromiálgicos agree more tired than when you laid. This is because, in fact, does not even enter the stadium more deep sleep, which does not provide the necessary rest. The sleeplessness are also frequent.
The pain is chronic, affects the entire body, and is described as a burning feeling, sting or burn. Throughout the day, the intensity of the pain will be changing, influenced by effort, by time, by stress, by the quality of sleep in the previous night, and by the emotional state of the patient.
More than 90% of patients suffer from fatigue, usually more intense in the morning and aggravated in the middle of the afternoon. Contrary to what one would expect, the rest does not relieve fatigue. Results in difficulty concentrating, lack of energy and hinders the execution of the tasks more simple.
There is often hypersensitivity to some foods, smells, bright lights, medications, cleaning products and hygiene and noise.
- DISORDERS COGNITIVE
Difficulty concentrating, lack of memory, mental confusion, among others like them, are symptoms frequently reported by patients with fibromyalgia.
When you wake up or after long periods in the same position, by taking the rigidity and is a symptom common in patients with fibromyalgia.
- OTHER SYMPTOMS
- Numbness and tingles in the feet and hands
- Intolerance to cold
- Feeling of dryness in the mouth and eyes
- Mood changes
- Chest pain
- Blurred vision or blurred
- Edema subjective
- Dysfunction tmj
- Gastrointestinal disturbances
HOW IS THE DIAGNOSIS MADE?
There are no specific examinations, laboratory or radiological examinations, to diagnose the disease, however, are made of some screening tests for other diseases with similar symptoms. Since this is not a visible disease, the diagnosis of fibromyalgia is made from the patients ‘ reports and the fulfilment of the following criteria:
If the pain is more than three months and manifest itself in widespread in the body, that is, pain on the left side and the right side of the body, above the waist and below the waist, as well as in the cervical spine or thorax anterior or dorsal spine or lumbar spine. If you feel two of the four symptoms below:
Changes of sleep
- Emotional disorders
And if you accuse pain on palpation in 11 of 18 points is made the diagnosis of fibromyalgia.
HOW TO TREAT FIBROMYALGIA?
Fibromyalgia has no cure, however, must be treated in order to relieve symptoms and improve the quality of life of patients. In the therapeutic relation the solution passes through a multi-faceted approach and multi-various methods and doctors of every specialty. In fibromyalgia, the physical exercise is very important, indeed, essential for the contrary to the fatigue natural. Water aerobics, tia chi, pilates and yoga are good options.
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